轮胎保养小贴士

轮胎特性

在买轮胎时, 遵循汽车制造商的建议是选择最适合您的轮胎的万无一失的方法. To understand the characteristics of your tires, the main features to consider include: tire size, 轮胎类, 胎面类型.

大小 – The size of tires is indicated by a number of factors including section width, 纵横比, 和车轮直径. 遵守制造商的规格将确保最佳的适合和性能为您的车辆.

Class -你选择的轮胎类别应该取决于你如何使用你的车辆和你在哪里使用它. In areas that experience a variety of weather conditions, 全季轮胎是一个很好的选择, but if you live where snow and ice are a problem, 你需要上冬季班. If you value comfort and responsiveness, a touring class tire will meet your needs.

胎面 – 胎面 type should be selected based on the type of roads or terrain you travel. 胎面 patterns available include multi-定向, 不对称, 定向, 全地形, 高速公路, 和更多的, 每个都提供不同的性能优势.

As tire experts, we will make your shopping easy! We’ll assist you with finding the best tires to match your vehicle recommendations, 驾驶风格, 和预算.

轮胎维修

Protecting your tire investment begins with proper maintenance. Well-maintained tires not only promote longer wear and tread-life, they substantially improve the 安全 of your vehicle.

  • 轮胎压力 – Correct tire pressure is essential for 可靠的处理, 有效的牵引, 以及最佳的轮胎寿命. 适当充气的轮胎将确保车辆的重量均匀分布, 导致磨损均匀. 温度变化和漏气等因素会影响胎压,因此经常检查胎压很重要.
  • 轮胎旋转 – Tire rotation is a key factor in assuring even tread wear. Depending on the type of vehicle and your specific tread wear pattern, different types of rotational patterns will be most beneficial. 由汽车专业人员轮转轮胎将提供这项服务,并有机会在其他问题变得严重之前发现它们.
  • 前轮定位 -车轮对中不当导致的问题包括车辆操控和转向不良, 以及不均匀和快速胎面磨损. 许多因素会影响对齐, 包括一起小事故, 可能不会造成明显的身体损伤. Checking your alignment regularly will prevent a host of problems down the road.

Your vehicle manufacturer manual will provide guidelines for proper maintenance. You can count on us to help you take care of your tires and your vehicle, and provide expert auto services when you need them.

轮胎101

介绍

在路上, 每个司机和乘客的安全在很大程度上取决于轮胎的质量. 尽管如此, 轮胎可能是一般人在需要修理或更换之前不会考虑太多的东西. For every vehicle owner, it is worth taking a little time to learn about tires. While our 轮胎101 section will not make you a tire expert, 它将为您提供一个基本的轮胎概述,让你更好地熟悉你的轮胎.

今天轮胎背后的技术结合了工程和化学的进步, 以及对物理的深刻理解. 最新的设计提供最好的性能, 乘坐舒适, 燃油效率, 安全, 和可靠性. Today’s tires are also developed to meet specific vehicle demands, 或者在某些气候条件下表现良好.

轮胎由许多不同的元素组成, 在一台掘进机里组装的, 或轮胎制造机. After assembly, tires are cured and finished to precise specifications. 轮胎的基本组成部分包括:

  •  -轮胎的强度来自胎头,胎头是一圈高强度的橡胶涂层电缆. 这种强度允许轮胎保持安装在轮辋上,并使其能够承受安装轮辋时安装机器的压力.
  • 体厚度 – tires are comprised of multiple plies or layers of fabrics, which are rubber coated to seal in air and promote tire element bonding. Types of fabric may include polyester cord and Kevlar. The number of plies a tire body has is indicative of its strength.
  • 带包 -钢带子午线轮胎包括钢带,这加强了区域下的胎面. 钢带的好处包括更大的抗穿刺性和更好的路面接触.
  • 侧壁 -提供横向稳定性, 轮胎侧壁保护轮胎,使其具有良好的耐磨性和环境因素. 侧壁还提供了一个厚橡胶区,在其上凸起的识别字母和装饰特征被塑造.

轮胎规格

If you have ever washed your vehicle or checked your tire pressure, you have probably noticed that there is a code on the side of each tire, 它看起来像这样: P205/55R16 89 h. 这个看似随机的字母和数字组合可以告诉你很多关于你的轮胎, 如果你知道如何破解密码. 实际上, there is no secret — this code of specifications is, 在很大程度上, 对所有轮胎制造商来说都是一样的. alpha数字系统显示轮胎类型及其性能特征.

P205/55R16 89H 轮胎类型

轮胎的种类和用途由代码中的第一个字母表示. 字母名称包括 P 主要用于乘用车, T 作为临时备用, LT 对于轻型卡车公制, C 商业用途,及 ST 特殊拖车服务. Euro-metric tires do not include this first letter descriptor.

P205/55R16 89H 部分宽度

斜杠之前, 在第一个字母之后, the section width of the tire is listed in 毫米. 这是从侧壁到侧壁的最宽点,所以数字越大表示轮胎越宽. 在本例中,轮胎的宽度为 205 毫米.

P205/55R16 89H 纵横比

斜杠标记后面是长宽比, 用百分数来表示轮胎从胎头到胎面顶部的高度. 这里的数字是55,这意味着轮胎高度是205毫米截面宽度的55%. 这个轮胎的高度是133.25毫米. 较低的数字表示较低的轮胎轮廓

P215/70R16 100S 轮胎结构

The construction of the tire is indicated by the letter following the 纵横比. 最常见的名称是 R,代表径向结构. Other less common construction types for modern passenger cars may include D 适用于斜交层结构和 B 用于带式轮胎.

P205/55R16 89H 轮直径

结构规范后面的数字是轮胎的尺寸,以英寸为单位. 示例轮胎将被设计成适合 16寸 轮. Tire sizes on modern vehicles typically start at 13-inches and go up to 18-inches, but custom package 轮s can be 22-inches or even larger.

P205/55R16 89H 性能指标
The tire performance index usually follows the 轮 diameter, and represents the tire’s load and speed ratings. 在这种情况下, 89负载指数表示1,279磅(每个轮胎), H的速度等级代表130英里每小时. 在没有限速公路的国家,速度等级往往更为显著.

常用速度等级

马克斯. 英里每小时
L 75
M 81
N 87
P 93
Q 99
R 106
S 112
T 118
U 124
H 130
V 149

测量胎面深度

一分钱买你的鞋?

足够的胎面深度是影响车辆操控性和牵引力的重要因素. 事实上, 轮胎胎面深度非常重要, US law requires tires to have plainly visible tread wear indicator bars. However, these bars can be difficult to see until the tread is well worn. 最简单的测量轮胎胎面深度的方法, 确保轮胎的安全, 是用久经考验的硬币测试吗.

如何进行便士轮胎螺纹测试:

  • Hold a penny so that “In God We Trust” appears across the top. Place it into five different sections of the tire grooves, 注意到林肯头部的可见性.
  • If you can consistently see the top of Lincoln’s head, 这意味着胎面磨损过度, and it is time to go shopping for a new set of tires.
  • 如果林肯的头顶(到前额发际线左右)一直覆盖着整个胎面凹槽, the tread is in good shape and your tires probably do not need replacement.

Monitoring tread depth and wear is an extremely important step in car maintenance, not only to make sure that tire tread is in good shape, but also to check for symptoms of other problems such as:

  • Over inflation of tires – extreme wear in the center of the tread
  • Under inflation of tires – excessive wear on tire shoulders
  • 车轮对中不良-胎面磨损不均

Protect your tire investment and stay safe on the road. Remember – a penny saved is a great tool for checking your tread depth!

轮胎的种类

在选择轮胎时, it is important to consider factors such a quality brand and solid value, but it is also essential to select the right tires for your type of vehicle. 在选择轮胎时,驾驶条件也是一个重要的考虑因素. 几种类型的轮胎可供选择,以适应各种车辆和所有的驾驶条件.

全季轮胎

全季轮胎是一种广泛使用和最受欢迎的轮胎品种,承载S和T速度等级. Sedans and minivans commonly have all season tires as standard. 全季轮胎的开发,以应付大多数情况下,从干燥的路面,潮湿的天气和中雪. Characteristics of all season tires include a comfortable and quiet ride, 可靠的处理, 以及长胎面寿命. 所有季节的轮胎是一个很好的选择,大多数司机,除了冬天是严峻的. For year-round traction in most climates, all season tires are an excellent choice.

冬用轮胎

胎面有抓握边缘,可以更好地处理冰雪,使冬季轮胎与所有季节轮胎区别开来. 通常,冬季轮胎是由一种柔软的橡胶化合物制成的,在极冷的温度下仍能保持弹性. 冬季轮胎不适合在空旷的路面上行驶,因为它们的抓地力不如全季轮胎,而且磨损得更快. Winter tires should be used during extreme cold weather driving conditions. 冬季轮胎应使用在一组四个平衡处理和最佳抓地力制动在雪地和结冰的条件.

夏季轮胎

在温和的气候和季节中寻找性能最好的轮胎的司机会发现夏季轮胎的性能水平高于所有季节轮胎. 夏季轮胎, 顾名思义, are not at all suited for driving in snow and ice, but on dry and wet roads in mild temperatures they offer solid handling. This is because the softer compounds used in summer tires, 不像冬天用的轮胎, 在较冷的温度下变硬. While the performance is enhanced with summer tires, they tend to have shorter life span 和更多的 rapid tread wear.

防漏轮胎

缓爆轮胎是一种自支撑型轮胎,可用于轻型卡车和乘用车. Developed with much thicker sidewalls than conventional tires, 即使轮胎完全瘪了,也能支撑车辆的重量. 跑气轮胎能够在没有气压的情况下以50-55英里/小时的速度运行50-200英里(取决于轮胎),同时保持几乎相同的乘坐舒适性和操控性. Since any loss of air pressure would not be detected by the driver, 使用漏气轮胎的车辆必须配备胎压监测系统. If run-flat tires are driven too long without the proper tire pressure, 它们可能会受到无法挽回的损害.

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